<h2><span style=”font-size: 16px;”>Gum Recession</span></h2>
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Gum recession is one of the leading dental diseases seen in every individual. Gingival recession may develop due to irregular and inadequate nutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, lack of care or factors such as plaque. Gum recession occurs when the pink tissue surrounding the teeth is pulled back. If necessary precautions are not taken as a result of gingival recession, tooth loss may occur. Individuals who have gingival recession problems should visit the dentist immediately after the problem starts and have gingival treatment.
<h2>What causes gum recession?</h2>
<strong>There are many reasons for gum recession.</strong>

<strong>Age:</strong>

In advanced ages, as in every organ in our body, there are also recessions in our gums. This is a natural state. If this does not cause caries formation, tooth sensitivity and visual problems in elderly people, no treatment is recommended.

<strong>Advanced Gingival Inflammation</strong>

In cases where gingivitis that occurs due to bacterial plaque accumulation cannot be stopped, they immediately progress to the bone tissue located under the gums and cause bone destruction. As a result of bone resorption, the gingiva on it follows the bone and gradually recedes, and some spaces are formed between the teeth.
<h2>Anatomical Factors</h2>
In some people, the bone structure surrounding the roots of the teeth is thin, either structurally or due to genetic factors. The rate of gingival recession is relatively high in these people. In addition, since closing disorders caused by problems in the lower jaw joint can also affect the position of the teeth, recession of the gums can be observed.

<strong>Result of Orthodontic Treatments:</strong>

As it is known, teeth are moved in orthodontic treatments. During these movements, undesirable gingival recession may occur due to bone resorption, especially in the thin jawbone areas.

<strong>Faulty Prosthetic Restorations</strong>

Incorrect fillings (overflowing, pressing on the gums or not polishing) made by dentists or incorrectly planned implant and prosthetic restorations (such as fixed porcelain bridges, removable prostheses) may cause unwanted recessions in the gums.
<h2>Tartar Formation:</h2>
Dental calculus is formed as a result of the hardening of the bacterial plaque, which is a soft, purulent appendage that cannot be cleaned, by taking calcium ions from the saliva. It can trigger gingival recession by applying mechanical pressure to the gums.
<h2>After Some Gum Operations</h2>
As a result of the gingival treatments, there is some shrinkage due to the healing of the edematous and swollen gingival tissue. This is actually a sign of improvement. In addition, in gingival treatments where surgical procedures are applied, inflamed tissues are compulsorily removed and as a result of this process, gingival recession may inevitably occur.

Some Habits

Gingival recession can be seen in cases such as smoking, nail biting or piercing use. In addition, the indiscriminate use of unhygienic toothpicks can negatively affect the gums and cause withdrawal.

<strong>Gum diseases</strong>

<strong>Gingivitis;</strong>

Gingivitis is the beginning of gum disease. When gingivitis is not treated, it progresses and damages the gums and jawbone. It manifests itself with the smell of the mouth.

<strong>Periodontis;</strong>

Periodontis, which is the advanced stage of gum diseases; It is a problem that damages the bone and tissue that supports the teeth. In this disease, loosening of the teeth and tooth loss occur.

<strong>Gum surgery</strong>

Treatment should be performed before gingival surgery. First of all, the teeth need to be cleaned. Gum surgery can be performed after the dentist performs dental cleaning twice with a week interval. Gum surgery provides extremely successful results thanks to the ultrasonic devices used. Gum surgery is performed by applying anesthesia to the patient; The root of the tooth is reached through the incision made from the gum. Deformities in the tooth root, tartar and other diseases are treated.

<strong>Gum care</strong>

As soon as the symptoms of gingival recession begin to be experienced, first of all, you should go to the dentist and take the necessary precautions. With gum care, gum recession can be prevented. Teeth should be brushed at least 2 times a day with the appropriate toothpaste and toothbrush. Using dental floss and mouthwash should become a habit. It should be fed with foods rich in vitamins such as calcium. It will be beneficial to increase the consumption of cheese, milk, eggs.

<strong>How is gum recession treated?</strong>

If the gingival recession is exposed and the root surfaces are too sensitive, the first treatment stages are applied first. Then, if necessary, soft tissue grafts are used with a surgical intervention. Although gingival recessions are experienced due to many reasons such as smoking, genetic factors and stress, the most important reason is dental calculus.

Tartars cause infections and diseases in the gums. Then it manifests itself with bleeding and bad breath. As the last stage, it causes gingival recession. In the face of these symptoms, patients should first clean their calculus and regularly provide hygiene with correct tooth brushing techniques. Because the treatment of gingival recession is carried out to prevent further recession of the existing gingiva, as it creates situations where it is not possible to restore the removed gingiva. Especially after the treatment, in order to maintain the dental health of the patient, it is necessary to have dental calculus cleaning, brushing his teeth regularly and cleaning the interface. The treatment steps applied in gingival recession are followed in three ways.

<strong>Treatment of damage</strong>

The treatment is carried out by filling the damaged area on the gingiva or covering the tooth completely. In this way, the sensitivity problem is eliminated.

Treating tooth sensitivity
<strong>Surgical replacement of the extracted gingival tissue:</strong>

Gum surgery is performed in two ways. It is the application of a piece called graft taken from the palate of the patient, called grafting, to the area where the gingival recession is made. The second method is the process of closing with a method called sliding, if there is healthy tissue next to the area where the pulling is experienced, that tissue area is closed by sliding it over the extraction.

<strong>Innovations in gum treatment:</strong>

In recent years, many innovations have occurred in gingival treatment in parallel with technology. In grafting operations, in many cases, artificial grafts are used instead of grafts taken from the patient. In this way, the discomfort after the treatment is eliminated. By using enamel matrix protein-based gels used in shifting operations, the success rate of the treatment is increased and the discomfort that occurs after the treatment is prevented.

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