Our teeth consist of layers called enamel, dentin and pulp. These layers have separate functions. The pulp layer is the layer where the nerves and nourishing vessels of the tooth are, and it provides the biting sensation, hot-cold sensation or pain sensation of our tooth. It is connected to the circulatory system of our body with its nourishing veins.

In which situations does it apply?

In cases such as tooth decay, tooth fracture, fractures up to the pulp tissue or caries that have reached the pulp tissue, and in traumatic cases, we may experience various problems such as toothache, inflammation or swelling or cyst formation on the face.

In these cases, it is necessary to treat these diseases that occur in the pulp of the tooth.

Endodontics is the branch that deals with the treatment of these diseases in the pulpal layer of the tooth.

The treatment process?

The decayed tissue of the tooth is cleaned, the pulp, which is the diseased nerve and vascular tissue, is cleaned, the channels are washed with various irrigation solutions. Microorganisms that cause inflammation are removed from the environment with various antiseptic agents applied into the canal. After all these stages, root-canal system filling is done and the treatment is terminated.

Tooth Fractures

Our teeth are the hardest bones in the body. But there are cases where even they break. Teeth can be broken by impact during activity in young and children, as well as due to mechanical power loss that occurs with advancing age or because of loss of vitality after root canal treatment.

So what should we do when our tooth is broken?

If you can find it, take the broken piece and contact a dentist directly.

Treatments applied in tooth fracture: There are several different treatment methods in tooth fractures. These vary depending on how the tooth is broken. The tooth consists of 3 layers: enamel, dentin and pulp. If the tooth fracture does not go deep to the pulp level, the tooth can be repaired with bonding or veneer porcelain procedures, depending on the size of the fracture. However, if the fracture has gone down to the pulp layer, root canal treatment is performed before these procedures. The direction of fracture of the tooth and where it is broken are also important. If your tooth is broken horizontally from the root level, your tooth is first fixed, then root canal treatment is performed and its healing is followed. However, if your tooth is broken vertically and this fracture has descended to the roots, the tooth must be extracted. The missing tooth can be corrected with implant and prosthetic treatments.

Tooth Abscess

Regular care of our teeth is very important for our daily life. When it is disrupted, important dental diseases are experienced. One of these important diseases is tooth abscess. Tooth abscess may occur due to the progress of dental caries and the inflammation created in the tooth, or an infection that started in the gums, descending to the root of the tooth and infecting the tooth. Although these abscesses are usually painful and active, they can sometimes be found and grow passively for months without causing any discomfort to the person. In general, abscessed teeth manifest themselves with bite pain, pain that occurs when they stop. Its location can also be determined with an x-ray that you can have in our clinic. How are dental abscesses treated? Treatments applied in cases of tooth abscess may vary according to the size, localization, and type of the abscess. Generally, abscesses heal as a result of root canal treatment in abscessed teeth. However, if the abscess is caused by a disease in the gums, then it should be treated in our gums. In some cases, the abscess can be very severe. In this case, you may experience significant swelling on your face, limitation in mouth opening, redness, warmth and pain in that area. In such a case, antibiotic treatment may be required first and then the tooth may need to be extracted.

What happens if I don’t get treatment?

If you leave your treatment unfinished because of the relief or end of your pain as a result of antibiotic administration, you may experience the same ailments again in the future. Antibiotics do not cure or cure tooth abscesses. They simply turn an active inflammation into a passive one. Even if passive, a tooth abscess is a source of inflammation in the body and lowers overall body immunity. In particular, they can affect the quality of life and treatment course of heart patients. For these reasons, you should have your treatment done and not leave it halfway.

Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Bruxism is a set of symptoms manifested by patients clenching their teeth, especially at night, depending on many factors, especially stress. An advanced bruxism:

wear of teeth


jaw pain


Neck pain

Inability to open mouth when waking up in the morning

Prolonged inability to chew

Sound from the jaw joint

It may cause complaints such as I cannot move the lower jaw to the right and left comfortably.


Although there is no complete cure for bruxism, including botox, there are many options available to prevent the damage of this condition.

First of all, we make stabilization splints for our patients, which are different from normal night plates. The difference of these splints, which are applied in two sessions, usually on the upper jaw and mostly at night while sleeping, is that they are higher and fully compatible with the closure of our patient’s teeth.

In addition, the procedures of applying botox and some of our anesthetic agents intramuscularly for pain in the muscles also solve acute facial pain.

With these treatment options, which have almost no side effects and difficulties, our patients’ tooth wear will not progress, and an easier and more comfortable opportunity will be provided during eating and drinking.