Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders involving the teeth and jawbones.
While both dental and skeletal problems can be treated in individuals whose growth and development continues, skeletal problems in adults can be treated with orthognathic surgical procedures together with orthodontic treatment.
Why do orthodontic problems occur?
Environmental and hereditary factors or both may be effective in the emergence of orthodontic problems. Genetic factors are generally effective in stenosis of the jaw and the jaw bones being more or less ahead of each other. Caries in milk teeth, early loss of milk teeth, thumb sucking, long-term use of pacifiers and bottles, parafunctional habits such as pen biting, nail biting, lip and finger sucking are environmental factors.
Why should I seek orthodontic treatment?
Most of the patients who come to the clinic for orthodontic treatment are treated due to aesthetic concerns. But with orthodontic treatment, gingival and joint problems that may occur at the same time are prevented. Proper alignment of the teeth provides better brushing; The compatibility of the jaw bones with each other also provides benefits in maintaining the health of the jaw joint.
When should I seek orthodontic treatment?
Orthodontic examination should be performed with the onset of the mixed dentition period. (6-8 years old) The goal in this period is to identify and prevent habits that may cause orthodontic problems such as thumb sucking, nail biting, mouth breathing. Again, in the early period, orthodontic examination is of great importance for the diagnosis and treatment of incompatibilities between the jaws. Solving dental problems with orthodontics is usually done during the permanent dentition period (between the ages of 10-12).
What are the types of orthodontic treatment?
Habit breaking appliances
They are removable or fixed orthodontic appliances made to prevent parafunctional habits such as thumb sucking and swallowing disorders from causing orthodontic problems in the future.
They are appliances made to provide adequate space for permanent teeth in children who are thought to have crowding problems in the future or who have jaw stenosis. Usually, fixed orthodontic treatment (bracket treatment) is needed after this treatment.
It is a treatment method for the lower and upper jaws to be compatible with each other in children whose growth development continues.
Fixed orthodontic treatment
It is a treatment method by applying brackets in order to solve dental and non-advanced occlusion problems in the permanent dentition period. There are 2 types of brackets: aesthetic and metal.
It is a fixed treatment method applied by sticking the brackets to the back surfaces of the teeth.
With the developing technology, orthodontic treatment is possible with invisible and removable plaques. With this treatment, plaques are produced in the laboratory environment by providing tooth movements in digital environment from the measurements taken from the patient, and these plaques must be used continuously. (except for eating and drinking)
How long will my orthodontic treatment take?
Although orthodontic treatments last an average of 1.5 years; The severity of the patient’s problem may vary depending on many factors such as age and compliance with treatment.
How often do I need to go to appointments for my orthodontic treatment?
With orthodontic treatment, appointments are usually made every 4-5 weeks. In some treatments (such as rapid maxillary expansion), the patient may need to be seen every 1-2 weeks.
Will my teeth deteriorate after orthodontic treatment?
With orthodontic treatment, the teeth are moved within the jawbone. There are some changes in the jawbone to ensure the movement of the tooth. After the treatment, it takes about 1-2 years for the jawbone to return to its original state. During this period, there is a risk of the teeth returning to their original state, and therefore, reinforcement treatment should be performed. Reinforcement treatment is carried out with retainer wire attached to the back of the teeth or with transparent aligners used at certain times of the day.
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