It is the situation where the gingiva is pulled under the enamel layer, which is the protective layer of the tooth, and the root surfaces are exposed.
Root surfaces of teeth are not resistant to external factors. When gingival recession occurs, root surfaces are exposed. When gingival recession is not treated, sensitivity (tingling) and root surface caries may occur on these exposed root surfaces over time, and teeth may be lost.
Today, there are many surgical and non-surgical treatments for gingival recession. Surgically exposed root surfaces can be covered with microsurgical techniques and restored to their pre-extracted state or further recession of the gingiva can be prevented. 10 – 14 days after the microsurgical procedure, the sutures are removed and the tissue is left to heal.
It is the condition that bacterial plaque and tartar formed by the accumulation of food residues on the tooth and root surfaces cause inflammation in the gums and cause bleeding and redness. Most of the time, these bacterial plaque and tartar adhere tightly to the root surfaces of the teeth and cause the bone under the gum to melt due to inflammation. Due to this bone resorption, sagging and abscesses may occur in the teeth and the tooth may be lost. When gingival treatment is performed, inflammation disappears and bone resorption stops.
Sometimes, gingival surgery can be performed with microsurgical techniques and bone powder (graft) can be used to replace the lost bone.
In order to prevent gingivitis from recurring, teeth should be brushed as and frequently as recommended by the dentist, and oral hygiene should be given importance.
Before all dental treatments such as implant treatment, veneer, bridge, zirconium, filling and prosthesis, braces, the gums must be checked, the inflammation must be removed, and then these procedures must be performed. Otherwise, severe gingivitis may occur in the future and the treatments are unsuccessful.
Laser Gum Treatment
Today, lasers are used in many areas in gingival treatment. It is especially used to ensure the harmony of the gums with the teeth, which is called ‘pink aesthetics’, to remove gingival enlargement and to increase the visibility of the teeth.
In addition, lasers can be used to relieve gingivitis, accelerate wound healing and eliminate bacteria.